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Canine Multifocal Retinopathy

Original price £48.00 - Original price £48.00
Original price
£48.00 - £48.00
Current price £48.00

Our DNA test for Canine Multifocal Retinopathy is ideal for breeders and owners who want the reassurance of genetic health testing.

If you need more than two tests it is often more cost-effective to order the relevant breed package.


Canine Multifocal Retinopathy (CMR) is an eye disorder causing degeneration in multiple areas of the retina. Onset is usually between 11 and 16 weeks and is thought generally to not affect vision.

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy is an autosomal recessive condition caused by a mutation in the BEST1 gene.


This test is also included in the following  breed packages:

  • American Bulldog  (Type 1)
  • Australian Shepherd  (Type 1)
  • Bulldog  (Type 1)
  • Finnish Lapphund  (Type 3)
  • French Bulldog  (Type 1)


Scientific references:

Guziewicz KE, Aguirre GD, Zangerl B. Modeling the structural consequences of BEST1 missense mutations. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2012;723:611-8

Miyadera K, Acland GM, Aguirre GD. Genetic and phenotypic variations of inherited retinal diseases in dogs: the power of within- and across-breed studies. Mamm Genome. 2012 Feb;23(1-2):40-61